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Worldwide Governance Indicators Project (1996-2021)

The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project constructs aggregate indicators of six broad dimensions of governance:

Voice and Accountability Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism Government Effectiveness Regulatory Quality Rule of Law Control of Corruption

The six aggregate indicators are based on over 30 underlying data sources reporting the perceptions of governance of a large number of survey respondents and expert assessments worldwide. Details on the underlying data sources, the aggregation method, and the interpretation of the indicators, can be found in the WGI methodology paper:

Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi (2010). "The Worldwide Governance Indicators : A Summary of Methodology, Data and Analytical Issues". World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5430

Full interactive access to the aggregate indicators, and the underlying source data, is available at

Note that this Worldwide Governance Indicators update incorporates revisions to data for previous years, and so this data release supersedes data from all previous releases.

The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) are a research dataset summarizing the views on the quality of governance provided by a large number of enterprise, citizen and expert survey respondents in industrial and developing countries. These data are gathered from a number of survey institutes, think tanks, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, and private sector firms.

Data Resources (1)

Additional Info

Field Value
  • English
Dataset reference date December 31, 2020
  • Global
  • Mekong
Attribute Accuracy
Logical Consistency
Completeness Please review this paper on methodological issues related to this dataset.
Process Step Dataset was downloaded from Some indicators were aggregated by region (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam aka Lower Mekong) Aggregated data was cleaned for the purposes of developing visualizations for ODM's brief on governance -
Lineage WGI indicates that over 30 sources were used to create these indicators and scores. Please see more at
Responsible party Daniel Kaufmann and Aart Kraay produced the WGI. Their contact information can be found below.
Metadata creator information August 2022. Open Development Mekong
Attributes Please see more here:
License Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike
Copyright Yes
Keywords governance,WGI
Date uploaded August 4, 2022, 04:40 (UTC)
Date modified August 15, 2022, 10:21 (UTC)