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Transforming Vietnamese agriculture : gaining more from less

Over the past quarter century, Vietnam's agricultural sector has made enormous progress. Steady advances in smallholder rice productivity and intensification through the 1990s and beyond have played a central role in Vietnam's successes in poverty reduction, national food security, and social stability. Vietnam once experienced hunger yet its per capita food availability now ranks among the top tier of middle-income countries. Many countries are trying to learn from Vietnam's food security success. Vietnam's average rice yields now trail only those of China among Asia's emerging economies. The country has also achieved explosive growth in agricultural exports and now ranks among the top five global exporters in products as diverse as shrimp, coffee, cashews, rice, and pepper. Vietnam's performance in terms of agricultural yields, output, and exports, however, has been more impressive than its gains in efficiency, farmer welfare, and product quality. Vietnam lags behind regional peers in relation to agricultural land, labor, and water productivity and has seen its once robust growth in total factor productivity decline in recent years. A chasm is forming between farm and non-farm incomes, and income inequality is rising within rural areas. Most of Vietnam's agricultural trade is in the form of raw commodities, typically sold at prices lower than those of leading competitors due to quality or other differences. At home, there are growing concerns about food safety.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
  • Vietnamese
  • Agriculture and fishing
  • Food security
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Viet Nam
Copyright Yes
Access and use constraints

The material in this work is subject to copyright. Because the World Bank encourages dissemination of its knowledge, this work may be reproduced, in whole or in part, for noncommercial purposes as long as full attribution to this work is given.

Version / Edition n/a
License Creative Commons Attribution
Author (corporate) World Bank
ISBN number 978-604-948-014-0
ISSN number 978-604-948-014-0
Publication place Vietnam
Publisher Hong Duc Publisher
Publication date 2016
Pagination 148
General note

Keywords agriculture production,sản xuất nông nghiệp,climate change risks,rủi ro về biến đổi khí hậu
Date uploaded March 25, 2020, 07:35 (UTC)
Date modified May 13, 2020, 01:43 (UTC)