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54 Ethnic groups: Why the difference? – 2018 edition

Mekong Development Research Institute (MDRI) would like to present to you the second edition of the book "54 Ethnic Groups: Why the Difference?" The book is the updated version of the previous book published in 2014 based on our knowledge and experience while working with donors, NGOs, and multiple ethnic groups in an effort to provide additional information and insight into all 54 ethnic groups of Vietnam. Data from 4 censuses are used in this book including the 53 Ethnic Minorities Census 2015, Population Census 2009, and Viet Nam Rural, Agriculture and Fishery Census 2011 and 2016 to analyze and calculate key indicators for each minority and majority.

In the 2018 edition, 54 Ethnic Groups: Why the Difference? consists of four main sections. The first presents the main findings on demography, education, health, living conditions, gender equality, land, and agriculture and the rankings of the 54 groups by indicator. The second section provides detailed information on location, language and writing, history, beliefs, religion, and social and family organization. Each ethnic group’s household characteristics and the main changes in each aspect of life from 2009 to 2016 are also mentioned in this section. The third section analyses some critical issues which negatively affect ethnic minorities. The fourth and final part of the book provides 54 sets of maps illustrating changes in the population distribution of the 54 groups and poverty rates by district in 2009 and 2015.

Data Resources (2)

Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
  • Vietnamese
  • Ethnic minorities and indigenous people
  • Population and censuses
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Viet Nam
Copyright Yes
Access and use constraints

The material in this publication is copyrighted. Copying and/or transmitting portion or all of this work without permission may be a violation of applicable law. MDRI encourages dissemination of its work. We received permission to distribute this report by MDRI. For permission to photocopy or reprint any part of this work, please send a request with complete information to Mekong Development Research Institute, 8th Floor, Mercury Building, 444 Hoang Hoa Tham Street, Tay Ho District, Hanoi.

Version / Edition 1
License unspecified

Mekong Development Research Institute

Address: Floor 8, Machinco Building, 444 Hoang Hoa Tham, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Telephone: +84 024 3247 4668 Fax: +84 024 3247 4596 Email:

Author (corporate) Mekong Development Research Institute (MDRI)
Publisher Mekong Development Research Institute (MDRI)
Publication date 2018
Pagination 370
Keywords 53 Ethnic Minorities Census 2015,Population Census 2009,Viet Nam Rural,Agriculture and Fishery Census 2011 and 2016,54 ethnic groups,insights,Điều tra thu thập thông tin về thực trạng kinh tế – xã hội của 53 dân tộc thiểu số năm 2015,Tổng Điều tra Dân số và Nhà ở năm 2009,Tổng điều tra nông thôn,nông nghiệp và thủy sản năm 2011 và 2016,thông tin chi tiết về 54 dân tộc tại Việt Nam
Date uploaded March 22, 2019, 15:45 (UTC)
Date modified January 25, 2022, 02:11 (UTC)