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Catalyzing Subnational Development in Myanmar

This paper aims to extract lessons from development partners’ engagement in Myanmar to offer suggestions for improved subnational governance and balanced regional development. The analysis in this paper is based on literature that describes and evaluates past and on-going regional development interventions in Myanmar by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). These interventions were all in fields of critical importance to Myanmar’s sustainable growth—agriculture and rural development, health, and infrastructure. The lessons summarized in this paper imply that decentralization needs to be carefully designed to strike the right balance between local preferences and national/sector policy for regional development. These lessons suggest three tasks that could be the key to finding the appropriate formula for balanced regional development: 1) developing a mechanism for integrating ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ priorities, 2) deepening the process of centralizing information in order to continuously adjust strategic plans to match the needs evolving on the ground, and 3) making the best use of existing institutions at all levels of the government.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
Topics Agriculture and fishing
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Myanmar
Copyright No
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Version / Edition 1.1
License Creative Commons Attribution

The Asia Foundation – Myanmar No.11, Ko Min Ko Chin Yeik Thar Street West Ngar Htet Kyi Ward Bahan Township Yangon, Myanmar Tel: + 95 42652-2681 Email:

Author (individual) Kyosuke Inada
Author (corporate) The Asia Foundation
Publisher Myanmar
Publication date 2014
Keywords Decentralization,Agricultural Development,Health,Capacity Building,Decentralisation and Federalism
Date uploaded August 17, 2018, 04:15 (UTC)
Date modified December 9, 2019, 08:28 (UTC)