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Illegal Pesticide Trade in Mekong Countries: Case of the Lao PDR

Reports on the increasing use of pesticides in Lao PDR (van der Wulp 2006; Lao-FAO IPM and FAO Pesticide Risk Reduction Programme 2009, 2011; FAO IPM Vegetable Regional Programme 2010) have raised the alarm about the use of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) by farmers wearing little or no protection. Some of these pesticides, i.e., paraquat and methomyl, have been banned in the country. Lao does not produce active ingredients or pesticide formulations. Nearly all pesticides sold and used in Lao originate from Thailand and China, and to some extent from Vietnam. Lao, as with most non-industrialized countries, lacks the technology to dispose of pesticides safely. Thus, enforcing pesticide regulations, for example by confiscating illegal pesticides, becomes a challenge in the absence of adequate technology to dispose of hazardous products. Regional cooperation among countries is needed, especially from the pesticide manufacturing countries in order to protect communities from toxic chemicals and to enforce national laws. Pesticide manufacturing countries should take measures to both 1) prevent exports of pesticides to countries which have banned them, and 2) accept returned chemicals from countries where they have been confiscated by government authorities. The Strategic Approach on International Chemicals Management (SAICM) offers an adequate framework to advance an international policy mechanism to curtail the illegal flow of pesticides. Furthermore, international donors and development agencies should support government policies that promote sustainable agriculture, free of hazardous chemicals, which reduces the incentive for illegal trade

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Thông tin khác

Miền Giá trị
Loại tài liệu Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Ngôn ngữ
  • Tiếng Anh
Chủ đề
  • Agricultural management systems and technologies
  • Pest management
  • Safety and health at work
  • Trade policy and regulation
Vùng địa lý (phạm vi không gian)
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
Các (Tỉnh)
  • Luangnamtha
  • Vientiane Capital
  • Xiengkhouang
Bản quyền Yes
Hạn chế truy cập và sử dụng

Copyright © Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific. 2013. Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific (PAN AP) encourages the reproduction of this publication in full or in part as long as PAN AP is properly acknowledged as the source and PAN AP is furnished with copies of the final work where the reproduction appears.

Phiên bản/Lần xuất bản 2013
Giấy phép unspecified
Liên hệ

Sustainable Agriculture and Environment Development Association (SAEDA) P.O. Box: 4881, Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR Tel: (+856) 21-264290 Fax: (+856) 21-315981 E-mail: saedalao@gmail.com

Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific (PAN AP) P.O. Box 1170, 10850 Penang, Malaysia Tel: (+604) 6570271/ 6560381 Fax: (+604) 6583960 E-mail: panap@panap.net Website: http://www.panap.net/

Tác giả (cá nhân) Chela Vázquez
Nơi xuất bản Vientiane, Lao PDR
Nhà xuất bản Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific (PAN AP ) Sustainable Agriculture and Environment Development Association (SAEDA )
Ngày xuất bản 2013
Đánh số trang 24
Các từ khóa pesticides,banned substances,sustainable agriculture
Ngày đăng tải tháng 1 3, 2018, 16:49 (UTC)
Ngày chỉnh sửa, cập nhật tháng 1 22, 2018, 00:33 (UTC)